Civilians and War Production

#244
Lawrence ALLINSON
Mr Lawrence ALLINSON
MACHINE CAULKER as father VICKERS ARMSTRONG BARROW 51 years, BUILT WARSHIPS, CARRIERS, LINERS, SUBMARINES as UPHOLDER for Lieutenant Commander Alastair Mars DSO, DSC*
#64
Margaret BLYTH
Mrs Margaret ‘Maggie’ BLYTH (née EDWARDES-JONES)
Cryptographer, and sister of Air Marshall Sir Humphrey ‘EJ’ Edwardes-Jones, first SPITFIRE test pilot & BATTLE OF BRITAIN OC 213Sqn, Harold Blyth‘s widow. NAVAL INTELLIGENCE BLETCHLEY PARK & SIS
#136
Nancy BUDGETT
Nancy BUDGETT
WOMEN’S WAR WORK; AIR RAID PRECAUTIONS WARDENS, CIVIL DEFENCE & Eric CLAXTON MBE’s RESCUE & CASUALTIES UNION training ST JOHN’s & RED CROSSProfessor Sir F Harry HINSLEY KBE OBE Fellow British Academy
Miner’s son who became Vice-Chancellor at Cambridge via BLETCHLEY. “By force of intellect alone, they shortened the war by at least two years and saved thousands of lives”, Guardian, citing Kingsley) Historian, cryptographer, & editor of the official British Intelligence in the Second World War. Negotiated Brusa signal-sharing agreement for UK. ALLIED CRYPTOGRAPHIC TEAMS, BLETCHLEY PARK Huts & ULTRA INTELLIGENCE.
#98
Margaret Susan CHESHIRE
Margaret Susan Cheshire (Lady SUE RYDER) Baroness of WARSAW, CMG OBE
Volunteer for Special Operations Executive, and widow of [No. 31: Leonard CHESHIRE, q.v.]
SOE’s (Gen. GUBBINS) ‘magnificent’ WOMEN’S TRANSPORT SERVICE of the FANY
#24
Eric COLEMAN
Superintendent Eric COLEMAN
As Hampshire police constable, took the badly wounded & burned Flight Lieutenant James ‘Nick’ Nicolson VC (see Muriel Nicolson, q.v.) to Southampton Hospital on 23rd August, 1940, in an Albion lorry.
#183
Lady CURRAN
Lady CURRAN (née Joan STROTHERS)
Welsh scientist who invented chaff, worked on proximity fuse and ATOMIC BOMB. Married 1940 [No. 182: Sir Samuel Curran, q.v.].
Many talented WOMEN att TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT MALVERN, AIRBORNE RADAR + ‘WINDOW’ COUNTERMEASURES – admired POLAND’s contribution.
Sir Samuel CURRAN#182
Samuel CURRAN
Sir Samuel CURRAN FRS FRSE DSc MA BSc PhD
Worked in the war on the proximity fuse, RADAR and the MANHATTAN PROJECT (The Herald, Scotland)
CAVENDISH LABORATORY, RAE & MINISTRY of AVIATION, PROXIMITY FUSES, CENTIMETRIC RADAR & MANHATTAN Atomic Bomb PROJECT, praised Oppenheimer & Gen. Groves
#142
Handel DAVIES
Handel DAVIES CB MSc FEng FRAES FAIAA
Aeronautical engineer who worked during war on aerodynamics of aircraft like the SPITFIRE, LANCASTER & MOSQUITO. Aberdare & University of Wales physicist, 55 yrs in AVIATION, Audax to Concorde /Tornado. “To see Handel engaged in debate with the French during joint projects was a joy. It brought out all his Welsh characteristics.” (Guardian). MAP & ROYAL AERONAUTICAL ESTABLISHMENT
#41
George RF EDWARDS
Sir George RF EDWARDS OM CBE FREng FRS DL
For: wartime VICKERS-ARMSTRONG, Aircraft DESIGN and PRODUCTION, and British AVIATION INDUSTRY, later Chairman British Aircraft Corporation
#274
George GILLARD
Francis George ‘Frank’ GILLARD CBE
Wat correspondent who witnessed and reported (Independent) on DIEPPE RAID, D-DAY, EIGHTH ARMY campaign, BATTLE for CAEN, etc.
BBC BROADCASTING WAR REPORTING, DIEPPE RAID, N.AFRICA ,SICILY, ITALY to SALERNO, NORMANDY to US/SOVIET ELBE meeting & BERLIN
#153
Douglas R GODFREY
Mr Douglas R GODFREY
(father Metro Vickers engineer & mother a WWI NURSE & WW2 WVS), for A.V.ROE WOODFORD’s 1st 30, ROY CHADWICK & WAR WINNING 156,000 LANCASTER sorties
#196
Robert HANBURY BROWN
Professor Robert HANBURY BROWN FRS AK
Born in India, astronomer & physicist. Part of Sir Robert Watson-Watt’s original RADAR team (1937-42), helping develop first airborne radar for night-fighting & detecting ships and submarines. “Without his discovery, the range of detection of a surfaced submarine in a rough sea would have been negligible, with catastrophic consequences for the British merchant fleet in the first years of the war.” (Telegraph). One of the original Bawdsey Boffins. Memoir Boffin: A Personal Story of the Early Days of Radar, Radio Astronomy and Quantum Optics.
BAWDSEY RESEARCH, AMRE & TRE 1936-1942, FIU AIRBORNE INTERCEPTION, AIR to SURFACE VESSEL RADAR; passed USA REBECCA & IFF for US NAVY
#277
Margaret HANCOCK
Mrs Margaret HANCOCK née Williams
for BRITISH NURSING Ongar, Savernake, King’s in LONDON BLITZ raids,V-1&2s, Fg Off PM RAF Nursing, Iwakuni Japan, wife of ex-BofB OC 11 SQN Wing Commander PAT HANCOCK [? Wife MARY?] (~ALSO TIMES OBIT in search “Mary Hancock” nurse “Pat Hancock” “wing commander”]Peter MUDLE
TANK & ARMOURED VEHICLE PRODUCTION in Guildford at Dennis Bros, & UK INDUSTRIAL performance & punch for the protection of our fighting troops in many overseas theatres
#81
Alec RM HARVEY-BAILEY
Mr Alec RM HARVEY-BAILEY
Author.
In memory his father. Also remembering Arthur RUBBRA, Sir STANLEY HOOKER and OTHERS’ key CONTRIBUTION to VICTORY of the ubiquitous ROLLS-ROYCE & MERLIN ENGINES
#284
HIROSHIMA
HIROSHIMA entered, in Japanese, by Father John Motoki SHOZAWA in memory JAPANESE LOSSES from HIROSHIMA & NAGASAKI B-29 atomic attacks, ending hostilities & saving POW & MILITARY LIVES.
#190
Mary JOICE
Mrs Mary JOICE (née BALMER)
RAF Intelligence & Hackney engineer in BLITZ). WW2: Secretary to Chichester Bishop George Bell. Pre-war links to GERMAN CHRISTIAN RESISTANCE (c.f. No. 290 Dietrich Bethge, q.v.); BELL against mass bombing.
#63
Reginald V JONES
Professor Reginald V JONES CH CB CBE FRS FRSE LLD
‘The father of Scientific and Technical intelligence’, whose brilliant, vital Knickebein work leading to The Battle of the Beams, developed ‘chaff’, and his ‘SCIENTIFIC WAR’ work, when so young, impressed CHURCHILL’s TEAM, involved in many critical WW2 decisions. His book, Most Secret War: British Scientific Intelligence 1939-1945, formed the basis of the TV series The Secret War.
#150
Chrystabel LEIGHTON-PORTER
Mrs Chrystabel ‘Jane’ LEIGHTON-PORTER
Model for the Daily Mirror’s legendary ‘Jane’ cartoon, the petite blonde pin-up darling of a nation at war, drawn brilliantly by Norman Pett and “worth at least two divisions” to fighting fronts’ morale. (Pathé, YouTube). “Jane was a bit girl-next-doorish, a bit of England for the boys”, she said (New York Times)
#26
Fred LEVERETT
Mr Fred LEVERETT
Fireman and, through WW2, at Shadwell in London’s East End. Representing London and British cities blitzed & wartime Fire, Rescue, ARP and voluntary Services
#219
Peter MASEFIELD
Sir Peter MASEFIELD MA CEng FRAeS
“In a daylight raid on Le Bourget in 1943, his Fortress was hit by enemy fighters and the nose blown off. Masefield was lucky to survive a crash-landing” (Guardian) Personal advisor (a ‘young termagant’, Independent) in war to BEAVERBROOK. In FAIREY DESIGN, forms ‘HEARKERS’, major aviation influence MAP, liaison & ops USAAF RAIDS, 2 yrs USA, C.E. BEA 1949-55.
#117
Mrs Jean PROCTER
Mrs Jean PROCTER
Women’s land army veteran, 5-6 years often hard 15-18hr FARMWORK days, releasing many men from country to join FIGHTING SERVICES “Where I worked there was a farmer with one tooth, who chewed tobacco and spat it out in his hand. He put ‘bloody’ in front and behind every word he uttered, so there was hardly going to be any canoodling there” (Jean at 91) At its peak, the army was 83,000 strong. BRITISH WOMEN’S LAND ARMY SOCIETY + TIMBER CORPS
#238
Jendrik STADLER
Jendrik ‘Harry’ STADLER
Czech born, German-speaking 14 year old JEWISH BOY in 1939, came to England with his brother Robert as part of Sir Nicholas Hinton’s Kindertransport effort (see famous That’s Life video). His parents, Otto and Martha, probably perished in Belzec.
Holocaust victims & other KINDERTRANSPORT children sent to UK by Sir Nicholas HINTON’s efforts
#90
Harold J TUFFEN
Harold J TUFFEN MBE
Hawker aircraft 1927-75. Head of mechanical systems. Played a major part in Hurricane design under Camm. Sir SYDNEY CAMM’s brilliant DESIGN TEAM at HAWKER AIRCRAFT and the production of their war winning HURRICANE, TYPHOON and TEMPEST fighters.
#139
John E TWINN
John E TWINN
Largely unsung, brilliant work of so many “boffins” in the AIR MINISTRY and TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT Malvern’s veiled Royal RADAR ESTABLISHMENT
#118
Mr Philip WARD
Mr Philip WARD
later WALSALL Mayor, volunteered RAF but, as other non-conscientious objectors, because of the ‘1 in 10’ drafting, as Chairman signs for essential role of the BEVIN BOYS, MINING COAL
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